Vietnam is one of the 10 countries that perform well on gender equality. Women play an active role in contributing to the socio-economic development of the country. However, in the context of the strong 4.0 industrial revolution, women have less significant impact and their capabilities not been fully assessed. To enhance the capacity of women in the 4.0 era, there must be the participation of many stakeholders, contributing to arousing the spirit of creativity, openness, and creating development opportunities for women.
The role of women is increasingly enhanced
Women, who are no longer a weaker sex as the society calls them, are a large force, playing a vital role in Vietnam’s socio-political development. Over the past 10 years, Vietnam has completed the legal framework and policies on gender equality, contributing to the early accomplishment of the goal of promoting gender equality and empowering Vietnamese women. Vietnam ranks 97/144 countries in the proportion of women participating in politics. The proportion of women in the National Assembly is 27%; for the first time, Vietnam has a female National Chairman of the Assembly and 3 female Politburo members.
According to the United Nations ranking of gender inequality index (GII) in 2014, Vietnam ranked 60/154 countries in the world. According to the Millennium Development Goals Report 2013, the goal of gender equality and woman empowerment is one of the three millennium goals that Vietnam achieved before 2015.
Vietnamese women, who make up more than 50% of the population and nearly 50% of the labor force, are increasingly involved in all activities in the community. In particular, the proportion of female business owners in Vietnam was 27.8% in 2018, which is the highest in Southeast Asia. This shows that the national strategy on gender equality for the period 2011-2020 has been properly implemented by Vietnam to raise awareness, narrow gender gaps, and empower women.
Promoting women's capacity with practical initiatives
The recent “Doing Business in Vietnam: Evaluation of Women-Owned Enterprises" report published by VCCI shows that although Vietnam has the highest percentage of women-owned enterprises in Southeast Asia, most businesses remain small or micro scale. Women-owned small and medium enterprises face many difficulties related to gender issues such as accessing capital, information, knowledge, skills and business networks. Tackling difficulties and supporting women-owned businesses will both help them exploit the potential for growth and contribute to improving women's economic power.
Therefore, to improve the effectiveness of women's contributions to business and social achievements, there is a need for stronger participation of all stakeholders from the Government, enterprises, social - professional associations, NGOs, society, and families. The Women's Union at all levels and the Vietnam Businesswoman Association also create many connection programs, providing opportunities for women to develop their capacities.
In the past few years, many large enterprises have been actively involved in women's development activities with global initiatives applied in Vietnam, contributing to improving women's capacity in business and community activities. The
Entering the Industry 4.0 era, many women are facing difficulties in enhancing their skills and technology knowledge. Understanding this, in Vietnam, 5by20 is concretized by E-learning programs to provide knowledge and ability to run businesses, and complete financial planning so that women can be confident and carry out business activities to improve the family economy as well as develop the local economy and contribute to society. Thus, women have improved their knowledge and gained more managerial and organizational skills. Recently, at the "Locating women entrepreneurs in the global supply chain" seminar,
Not only participating in economic development, Vietnamese women also practice social responsibility very cleverly and effectively, through practical and meaningful programs such as turning waste into money in the Greenhub's network of reducing, reusing, and recycling plastic waste in cooperation with